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Readings on animal anatomy and plant structures do not close the lesson. After studying the content in the books

Readings on animal anatomy and plant structures do not close the lesson. After studying the content in the books

Readings on animal anatomy and plant structures do not close the lesson. After studying the content in the books, students of Professor Jennifer Landin need to choose a kind of animal or plant on which to deepen their knowledge. From there, they spend hours in the studio laboratory, attentive to the patterns, angles and proportions of the selected specimen and reproduce them on a canvas with graphite, watercolor or some other technique of the plastic arts.
The biologist and draftsman, who, since 2011, teaches illustrated biology at North Carolina State University, explains that she is not inventing the wheel but rediscovering the scientific benefits of drawing. "Lineu and Darwin were terrible designers. They have managed to get around the problem because the drawing can help to have more scientific accuracy, more attention to detail. It also helps us communicate ideas effectively. In today's world, I can not think of a more important use, "he says in an interview with Estado de Minas.
Thousands of miles from Landin's room, the biologist Marcos Antônio Ferraz does a similar job. Teaches scientific illustration at the University of Brasilia (UnB) for students of arts, biology, sociology, museology and architecture, among other areas of human and exact sciences. In addition, it meets requests for illustrations for research by students, teachers and government agencies, such as IBAMA. "It's a lot to do, but I do not feel like stopping. You can not even see how much work is so enjoyable, "he says.
Ferraz, who was already painting before becoming a biologist, discovered that he could join the two interests when he met an Italian biologist who did scientific illustrations. In the late 1990s, he created discipline at UnB, initially only for biology students. The great demand, mainly by the students of plastic arts, made the matter open for students enrolled in other departments. Peruvian biologist Jennifer Landin's drawing: a chance to highlight outstanding characteristics of each species (photo: Jennifer Landin / Divulgação )
In times of high resolution photographs, 3D videos and microscopic images, the aesthetics of drawing for scientific use seems retrograde. But the technique of combining art and science continues to take precedence in areas such as botany, taxonomy, anatomy, and archeology. "The illustrations can minimize extraneous details and increase attention to the main information. There are dragonfly species that are distinct from others only by a vein in the wing, "Landin explains.
Showing two book covers with the same species of beetle, one being photographed and another drawn, Ferraz confirms: "Photography can focus on some points and blur in others. Our eye sees different from the camera and manages to record this with the drawing. How to photograph a physical process, like the inflammation of a lung?
Those who take the scientific illustration course at UnB realize the advantages that for 22 year-old biology student Gisele Spindola have become clear since high school. "My teacher was drawing on the board and I tried to copy it in the notebook, even though I did not know how to do it right. It was much better to fix the study than a digitized and projected image, "observes the young woman, who began in graphite class, then identified with the ink and now wants to improve her technique in watercolor.
The classes also inspire another biology student, Pedro Henrique de Oliveira, 18, who even changed his professional plans. "I wanted to be a teacher, but now I'm going to specialize in scientific illustration. It's challenging and rewarding, as well as being able to help people learn more through drawing. "
Science and art The Nucleus of Scientific Illustration (Nicbio) is a mixed art studio with a study hall: a large table in the middle includes easels and drawing and painting utensils cases. Around it, shelves hold the most varied books on illustration, biology, anatomy and archeology, among other subjects.
On the easels, the illustrators place a type of canvas, called a botanic board, where they will compose the image of the chosen specimen. Although the environment provides a typical abstraction of the plastic arts, laboratory rigor is required. "Art expresses emotion, imagination and creativity. The scientific design must carry scientific information, even if it generates some emotion, "says Landin. Ferraz agrees with her American colleague, so much so that she always exacts precision from her students. "I drew a white orchid very hard, and the teacher said that it was another flower, it was not what I had chosen for the board anymore," recalls Pedro Henrique.
The works of Ferraz and his students draw attention to the realistic features, close to photography. But the biologist argues that it is not a matter of talent, but of practice. "Everyone can draw. The problem is that we are growing and becoming more self-critical. As soon as they say that it is not good, we get tr

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Updated 02/25/2018 By fanartikel in the fan site fanartikel1 Comments (1)


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