Hey everyone! Welcome to another installment of the revamped Workshops, where those who want to learn to be an artist can and those who are artists can get better. This will be an ongoing series of various topics put out 1 – 3 times per month where various issues in art can be covered. Critiques and comments are welcomed and encouraged around here… It is part of the process of how artists get better. However, there is a certain amount of expectation when it comes to critiques. When making comments like “cool” and “awesome” by themselves are great and all, but doesn’t forward the critique process that much nor helps the artist. We are looking for comments that’ll help the artists progress, like “That's great, but I think you should re-do his leg” or “Nice pencils, but your proportions are a bit weird”… Stuff like that. Not only do we want to see critiques, we'd like to see answers and tips too in here. Having problems with a pose that you can get just right? Drop a line and someone will get back to you. This place is yours to get feedback, tips, and info to help you become that much better in your art! Enough of the small talk… Lets get to the Workshop, shall we? This Workshop focuses on Color Applications & Techniques! It is very important to understand color theory in order to use color effectively. In order to master it, however, one must understand the complexities and values in its application and the techniques in doing so. Lets start with the basics and work our way up. In the earlier color workshop, I explained that color is viewed two ways: One being the representation of light and its color spectrum. The other is our perceived representation of color (i.e. The color wheel or palette). Also, it was explained how we perceive certain colors. These two points for color are linked to the hip in everyway. The constant in both is their primary source: Light. Light and how we perceive it is pretty specific… Light is absorbed by all surfaces. The phenomenon known as color is determined when part of a light wave is not absorbed by the surface (i.e. reflected). White occurs when all strands of light are reflected while black occurs when all strands are absorbed. Humans were intuitive enough to be able to ultimately develop artificial means to reproduce this phenomenon called color (by using such natural materials as Chromium and Cadmium, which oil painters still use today). Why is this science crap important you ask? Well when coloring, understanding light and its interactions with the environment (both physically and artistically) is crucial to making any successful piece of art. Art is not just a skill, but a function of science and math as well. No matter if it’s a web page, a promotional piece of design, an illustration or a fine painting, design plays an integral role in the process. Color is part of this process. Here are key points to remember in using color: Planning – Thinking out how you will use color automatically puts you ahead of the curve in any project thrown at you. Lighting/Shading – This is crucial to the success of any piece (both in drawing and colored artwork) because of how our brains are trained. If not thought of while executing, it doesn’t matter how well the drawing is because people will be fickle… Our brains are very visual and sensitive when it comes to color. By planning this aspect in both your drawing and coloring, you can be assured the success of the piece. Keep in mind when coloring your primary/secondary colors and their variations (or values). Black is never the only option in shading nor is white for lighting. Using different colors for a shading/lighting value can make piece really stand out. Also, keep in mind some of the technical terms for color as well: Hue - The name of any color in its pure state (primary and secondary colors) Value - An element of art that refers to lightness or darkness of a color Saturation - A colors purity of hue Intensity - The brightness or dullness of a hue or color. Pigment - Finely powdered which material produces color in any medium Chroma - (photographers and printers term) Among colors other than those in black-white scale, the specific combination of a colors hue, intensity, and saturation; or the degree of a colors vividness. Deffinitions provided by ArtLex; copyright 2003 Color Placement – When coloring, it is an important factor to consider where and how on a page you employ color. Remember in the previous color workshop when it was explained that people react to colors differently? People will react to the piece of art differently when colored differently. The reason is that we are visual creatures, stimulated by colors. Choosing a proper color palette to capture the mood of a picture is key. It is also to keep in mind to stay away from using colors that contrast too much, blend or clash with each other. People will be put off, to the point of being physically ill at times, by choosing colors that do not mesh with each other. The best thing to understand color is to play with it… Reproduce a famous painting or playing with it in a coloring book are great ways in seeing how and why certain colors don’t work with others. Then there are other, not well received, exercises (Ugh, Color Aid *shudders*) that are very helpful as well. For more information on color and its technical points, visit here or its main site . Any questions before we get to the exercise?