Cartoon Network HQ (also known as Cartoon Network Europe) is a British-operated, ad-free channel owned by Turner Broadcasting System Europe Ltd. and operated from London. It first launched on September 17, 1993 as a single version of Cartoon Network covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In the early years it operated from 6:00 to 21:00 (6am to 9pm), and then in 1998, it switched to a 24-hour version, used in certain countries (Portugal being an example) as the first localized European versions of CN were being developed. Later, the 24-hour variant was limited to the Middle East and Africa. By now, European viewers were watching the channel from 5:00 to 21:00, time-shared with TCM (the former TNT). Sometime in 2003, CN Europe/HQ reduced to the current 15-hour schedule, ending at 20:00. The channel's coverage area was significantly reduced in October 2009, when a version for Bulgaria, the ex-YU countries and the ex-USSR countries got a version of their own, with three language soundtracks: English, Russian and Bulgarian. On December 31st, 2013, the channel officially left Portuguese screens on Vodafone, the remaining providers switched to CN PT on the morning of December 3rd. Eras September 17th, 1993-October 14th, 1999: European Checkerboard October 15th, 1999-fall 2002: European Powerhouse, designed by Cosgrove-Hall fall 2002-May 1st 2005: Squares May 2nd, 2005-April 20th, 2006: Squares 2.0 April 21st, 2006-April 19th, 2009: City April 20th, 2009-December 6th, 2010: Arrows December 7th, 2010-right now: CHECK it. Programming blocks 60: Defunct at the end of November 2010. It aired from Fridays to Sundays from 7:30 to 8:20, airing 2 back-to-back packs of a show. There were several blocks: Eds 60, Powerpuff 60, Courage 60, KND 60, and Fosters 60. Later, as CN HQ adopted the Arrow look, the block was generally updated, with a universal promo (What would you do in 60 minutes? Try to twist your tongue on your back? Or counting all of your own hairs? Or how about watching this show for some time!). Action-related shows such as Bakugan: Battle Brawlers started to get more prominence on the block, until it was starting to get very old very fast. Despite Portuguese EPG's billing it as "Cartoon Toon Toon" since about September of 2010, it wasn't present until December of that same year. Cartoon Toon Toon: Short-lived replacement of the so-called "60" blocks, changing to a more accurate title, despite the length of the "60" blocks spanning 50 minutes. The only show was George of the Jungly, and laster for really much the entire month. Later, CN HQ decided to slightly improve their schedule, as the weekday schedule was now comprising Monday-Friday. BBB: It aired Ben 10, Bakugan and Batman for one weekend or two or three in June 2011. The promo featured the song "Boys Boys Boys", by Italian singer Sabrina Salerno. It was a huge hit in Portugal in the 80's. XD Viva Las Bravo: Aired during the summers of 2005 and 2006 between 15:00 and 18:00. It was hosted by Johnny Bravo, which presented the nominees the day before, then revealing a full, three-hour block the following day. The block had a major overhaul in 2006. Pick your Fridays: Hosted by a taxi driver called Buck and an anthropomorphic dog called Buddy (actually a renamed Talking Dog from The Powerpuff Girls). Similar to Viva Las Bravo, but lasted throughout the day, 9:00 to 15:00 or later. Blocks Around the Clocks: A marathon of a show was played throughout the channel's day. This block aired in December of 2004. Tom and Jerry New Year Marathon: Until 2005, the first day of the year was a marathon of practically all T&J cartoons. It moved to Boomerang HQ when it launched in 2005. Cartoon Carnival: Hosted by Bloo, it was yet another "several-hour-long-marathon-of-a-show" marathon. It was shown in 2006, and it was revived in 2008 or 2009, reports vary. Toon FM: It originated as an RSL station in the United Kingdom, airing CN show-themed music. It was later revived to most of Europe as a block with Johnny Bravo. It was originated from the same set as JBVO (according to a promo recently posted by YouTube user Cantimule) but set in Tokyo, with Brak and Godzilla. Close-down bumpers 1993-2002: The Cartoon Network logo unfolds itself, as a man with an hourglass for a watch has a "WATCH OUT!!! IT'S CLOSING TIME!!!" expression, pushing the lever over to the TNT logo. This bumper was later updated to erase the TNT logo as TCM replaced the channel, with this variant only used on the PL+HU+RO feed. 1998-2002: Start-up: The CN logo (reading ZZZZZZZ ZZZZZZZ) has scenes of characters on each block, as the letters morph into "CARTOON NETWORK". Unluckily enough, the T on "CARTOON" is still a Z, but it then wakes, morphing into a "T". Close-down: A hand turns the T into a peg, causing the sun to pop like a balloon. Later, on the first "O" in "CARTOON", a random character would say something related to night or dark, and the logo morphs back into "ZZZZZZZ ZZZZZZZ". 2002-2006: A looped bumper. A video of it can be seen on the "TheredGuy" account on YouTube. April 2006-June 2006: Scenes of several houses with no one in there. June 2006-December 2010: Just the CN logo bouncing in a color-changing background. December 2010-now: just the blocks rotating against a still background.