Well, I'm a Canadian University student (at UBC), but I don't really know much about Study Abroad programs. I'm in Co-op, but I haven't started the job searching process yet, so I don't know if I'll be going somewhere for work (though I doubt it, since I'm in accounting).
One of my friends is currently on a study abroad program in Australia. For her, she choose to take one term of classes there (no work, no internship), so she just signed up for the program, and they shipped her off to Australia to take the equivalent courses for first term. She'll be back in December, I think, so it's not that long either (she left in July).
I'm not sure if that's what you wanted to know, if there's something more specific you want to know, tell me and I'll ask her or someone else.
"Give me one gun, and I'm Superman.
Give me two guns, and I am God."